Effectiveness of Free Public Services, Deprivation of Social Rights, and Parole on Recidivism Prevention in Bushehr City

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Mohammad Sharif Dashti, Ali Jamadi, Ali JaniPour


Due to the failure to prevent recidivism, the increasing use of the penalty of liberty deprivation has imposed pressures on criminal policymakers, and as a result, attitudes toward liberty deprivation have been changed in recent decades. In line with the policy of liberty deprivation, alternatives to prison sentence have become commonplace, and are used in most legal systems with the aim of preventing recidivism. The Iranian legislature has also taken steps in this direction by considering the provision of this type of penalty in the Islamic Penal Code of 2013. In alternative penalties, offenders receive penalties in the heart of society by popular and civil institutions. Since crime is a social phenomenon, the most important factor in preventing the recurrence of crime should be found in the social sphere. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of public free services, deprivation of social rights, and conditional liberty on the prevention of recurrence of crime in Bushehr city. This descriptive-analytical research is performed through desk studies. The statistical population included judges, lawyers, and ordinary people, as well as case observation and note-taking in Bushehr city (n = 270). Among the people living in Bushehr city, 100 people were selected as a sample based on Cochran's formula. Data analysis was performed using SPSS software. A significant relationship was found between deprivation of social rights and prevention of recidivism, between parole and prevention of recidivism, and finally, between free public services and prevention of recidivism in Bushehr city.

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