Local Labor Market Conditions And The Jobless Poor: Indonesian Social Policy Employment Strategy

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Mansyur Radjab , Musran Munizu , Abdul Razak Munir


The purpose of this research is to identify the root causes of unemployment in Pangkep Regency and to propose solutions to help the unemployed find work. The goal and goal of this activity is to compile a document that can determine what causes unemployment and produce recommendations that can become a solution in research on the provision of jobs for the unemployed in Pangkep Regency. (1) urban area = 50 people, (2) mountainous/inland area = 25 people, and (3) island/coastal area = 25 people were included in the study area and number of samples. This study employs a purposive sampling technique, which involves selecting a sample based on specific objectives and characteristics. Furthermore, the Focus Group Discussion (FGD) method is used in this study to confirm the findings of the field survey, rank the causal and solution factors, and formulate strategies for providing employment opportunities for the unemployed. The findings indicate that there are eight strategies that can be implemented to help the unemployed in the Pangkep Islands, namely: (1) increasing the synergy of stakeholders in developing workforce capacity (training, technical guidance, etc.), and (2) increasing the quantity and quality of assistance. (3) increasing the quantity and quality of entrepreneurship programs, developing Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) and Cooperatives, (4) optimizing the role of Job Training Centers (JTC) in the regions, (5) increasing the government's role as a facilitator for providing employment opportunities through the establishment of Job Center institutions in the regions, (6) increasing the quantity and quality of pre-employment training programs for graduates of General High Schools (GMS) and Vocational High Schools (VHS), (7) reforming the education sector, particularly vocational education (VHS), such as curriculum development that is linked and matched with market employment needs, and (8) encouraging the growth of investment in the region, both Foreign Investment (FI) and Domestic Investment (DI), through one-stop licensing sytems.

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