The rivalry between rulers and princes (11-447 AH / 632-1055 AD)

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Zainab Fadhil Mirjan, Salim Khudair Abees


The study of such subjects is considered one of the important studies in the field of historical research, as it is a virgin study that was not addressed by previous academic studies, and the importance of this research becomes clear as it sheds light on the issue of quarrelling among rulers and princes, especially during the Umayyad and Abbasid rule, revealing to us that quarrelling occurs in Several cases, when rulers and princes defame one another with the intention of undermining him socially and tarnishing his image in front of the subjects, reiterating that from the means of perpetuating their thrones and the way that leads to them; Quarrels also occur between rulers and princes and their own, considering this as a measure of their loyalty and obedience to them, as well as abuse of them to ensure that they are not superior to them and then dominate them and make them unique in the decision. And the field of arguing was not empty of rulers and princes speaking out to the common people, and vice versa, as the common people go to them to seek a need or complain about something hated that hurts them. This leads him to murder and humiliation, or he honors and relieves him of his need, and we conclude that sometimes arguing may be of positive benefit because it affected the decision-maker and he retracts his decision, and this is what we wanted to clarify in the content of this research of the benefits and harms of quarreling, even in a short form.

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