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Avena sativa, sometimes known as oat, is a plant that belongs to the Poaceae family. Third in importance after wheat and corn in the United States, and fourth in importance worldwide. As far as nutrition is concerned, they are one of the most widely produced plants. Moreover, it is commercially nutritious. Soluble dietary fibre can be found in oat grain, oat bran, and oatmeal known as -glucan, which can lower total cholesterol and low–density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in the blood. Lipoprotein cholesterol is also useful for controlling blood sugar levels. Experiments of many kinds Oat has been proven in tests to be a possible agent for preventing the onset and progression of cancer , intestinal malfunction, obesity, celiac disease, and other disorders This examination will Avena sativa's therapeutic and utilitarian characteristics are discussed.The functional and therapeutic aspects of Avena sativa will be discussed in this review. However, due to the large number of the health benefits they provide, their intake has raised significantly, and they have become more popular come to the foreground immediately.