Main Article Content
The study of thinking methods has received great attention in educational and other societal institutions, which have become of utmost importance to developing the capabilities of members of society in their various locations in the field of thinking, in an era characterized by scientific wealth and modern technology, and this requires multiple thinking methods to confront and try to overcome them.
This study aimed to identify the prevailing thinking methods of students of the Faculty of Basic Education, Mustansiriyah University, and to study the differences in thinking methods in light of their academic specialization. The study population consisted of students of the Faculty of Education for the year 2020 - 2019, where the fourth stage was chosen, the Faculty of Basic Education, Mustansiriyah University, as a research community, and it reached ( 1426) male and female students with (644 ) males ( 782 ) females. By class selection, the research sample was determined consisting of (400) students of the fourth stage and for all departments except the two departments (kindergarten and the first grade teacher), where they were taken as a reconnaissance sample to complete the sociological procedures of the research . The list of thinking methods of Sternberg and Wagons was applied to the study sample, and this list measures thirteen thinking methods consisting of (65 ) individuals, with an average of five vocabulary for each thinking method, which is of the type of self-esteem. The study concluded that the dominant way of thinking among students is the legislative, hierarchical, and executive method. She also pointed to significant differences between disciplines in the Faculty of Basic Education in thinking methods and in favor of scientific disciplines.