Main Article Content
Background: This research aimed to examine the effects of qualifications, competencies, and performance on the merit systemapplication through appraisal of the State Civil Apparatus (ASN) at the Ministry of Public Works and Public Housing.
Method: The Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) - Lisrel 8.8. method was used to analyze the data.
Results: The results showed that lower ASN qualifications and higher competency increased the merit system application. In comparison, higher performance increased the merit system application, motivation, and welfare as well as reduced fraud and irregularities.
Conclusion: ASN's qualifications negatively affect the merit system, while competence and performance have positive effects.