Main Article Content
This article explores the importance of consciousness within peasant movements, analysing its consequential impact on societies and the mobilisation of marginalised communities. By utilising historical and contemporary illustrations from diverse geographical areas, this analysis underscores the significance of consciousness in granting agency to agricultural labourers, fostering equitable societal conditions, and propelling transformative advancements. The article examines the Peasants Movement in North-Hashtnagar, Charsadda Pakistan. Muhammad Afzal Bangash and his comrades inculcate awareness among the peasants of North-Hashtnagar, to overthrow the oppression made at the hands of landlords. The results and discussions section of this study presents the findings derived from a survey, which shed light on the correlation between awareness and the peasants' movement. The article presented considerable empirical evidence supporting the theories posited by Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin about the concept of class consciousness. The survey examines various dimensions, such as family planning, access to healthcare, human rights awareness, higher education, and the status of women, in order to explore the relationship between these factors and the awareness levels of individuals involved in the peasants' movement. The article's conclusion posits that the presence of awareness is of utmost importance in instigating and perpetuating peasant movements, as it bestows power upon the peasantry, allowing them to discern instances of exploitation and galvanising them towards concerted and unified action.