Silent Suffering: A Qualitative Study On The Impact Of Infertility On The Social And Psychological Health Of Women In District Faisalabad, Pakistan, And Its Socio-Cultural Factors

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Dr. Basharat Ali , Muhammad Touseef , Dr. Uzma Niaz , Sadaf Sarwar , Dr. Shabbar Iqbal , Dr. Muhammad Idrees , Muhammad Sharjeel Younas , Shafqat Rasool , Shozab Abbas , Hammad Shafqat


Infertility is an apparent issue among women in Pakistan, observed across all aspects of life. Women face societal challenges, and their independent opinions are often disregarded, persisting against socio-cultural norms. Pakistan is a male-dominated society that blames women for infertility due to a lack of modern studies and biological factors. Discrimination against women is a significant issue that hinders progress in the nation. This qualitative study explores the effects of fertility on the social life and psychological health of infertile women inĀ  Faisalabad, considering economic conditions. A structured interview schedule collects information on demographics, household, locality, and other socio-cultural and psychological variables. The non-probability snowball sampling method selects 15 women of reproductive age (excluding widows) from Faisalabad, province of Punjab, Pakistan. Thematic analysis identifies significant challenges, including ignorance from loved ones and psychological distress such as anxiety and depression. Women face criticism and assault due to their dependency on in-laws, although on a small scale in Faisalabad. Many women lead happy lives due to support from their families, not just independence. The government should empower women by providing support and building their skills, acknowledging infertility as a natural phenomenon beyond human control.

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