The Changing Security Dynamics Shaped The Power Imbalance Between India And Pakistan In The Post-Cold War Era

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Dr. Aleem Gilani, Faisal Abbas, Fazeel Ashraf Qaisrani, Zulfiqar Ali, Naim Tahir Baig


This study is qualitative in nature and attempts to analyze power imbalance and security dynamics between Pakistan and India in the post-cold war Era. The relationship between the two countries was disrupted right after independence in 1947. Pakistan was struggling to compete with India with its larger territory, economy, population, and military.   Initially, Pakistan benefited a lot from the cold war politics and balanced India economically and militarily with the help of the United State. Though, in the post-cold war era, Pakistan’s position became detrimental as the United States stopped aid to Pakistan after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Moreover, the end of the Cold War has significantly transformed global politics. This study sheds light on the different policies adopted by both Pakistan and India in the post-cold war era which led to greater power imbalances. This study supports the argument that the position of Pakistan became disadvantageous in the post-cold war era as India aligned its security, economic and foreign policies with the ‘new world order’ while Pakistan continued its cold war era policies.

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