Modes Of Compatibility In The Contradiction Of Texts: Ibn-E-Hazm’s Point Of View

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Dr. Hafiz Farhan Arshad, Dr. Muhammad Arfan, Dr. Muhammad Ihsan Ilahi, Dr. Sofia Mehboob, Dr. Muazzam Mahmood, Saqib Ali


The Holy Qur’an and Hadith are the basic and ultimate sources of explaining the rules of Sharia. Both of these sources are proven by revelation from Allah Almighty. When these two are proved by revelation, there is no contradiction between them: if the hadith is a prophetic argument in mentioning and explaining the Sharia’s rules, then from the point of view of reasoning, both Qur’an and Sunnah are equal in explaining the Sharia and there is no difference between them. One text cannot be rejected on the basis of the presence of other, but the two co-operate in explaining the details of the sharia. Ibn Hazm also considers them to be equal in reasoning. Both of these are Sharia’s texts and the status of Ijma is after them. Imam Ibn-e-Hazm claims that the texts never contradict each other, but if there is an apparent conflict between them, then there are four ways to resolve the contradiction. In this article, these four modes and ways have been elaborated.

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