Politeness In Gojri Language (A Case Study Of Patrak And Gwaaldai)

Main Article Content

Shautkat Islam , Dr. Rabia Rustam , Dr. Mian Shah Bacha (Corresponding Author) , Mis Bakht Sheema Bibi


The current study aims to investigate the phenomenon of politeness as well as its claimed universal strategies in Gojri. Brown and Levinson's (1978-1987) politeness theory served as the research's model. The study's secondary goal was to investigate the two types of politeness as well as the level of directness in Gojri. For measuring the phenomenon of politeness in Gojri language, the speech acts of request and apology were chosen. Fifty male Patrak and Gwaaldai residents were chosen as respondents. The study's instrument was contextualized and indigenized open role plays adapted from Reiter's Study (2000), and the data was analyzed using Blum Kulka, House, and Kasper's (1989) analytical framework and coding scheme. According to the study, the concept of politeness and its two variations (positive and negative) exist in the Gojri language. The findings also demonstrate that native speakers use three of Brown and Levinson's proposed strategies in their interactions. The existence of directness and indirectness in the Gojri language is further explored in the study. The study's findings also suggest that Gojri language speakers favour negative politeness more and are more explicit and precise in their requests.

Article Details