Perceptions Of Elementary School Teachers Concerning The Academic Optimism In Government Elementary Schools Of Lahore

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Dr Rizwan Ahmad , Dr. Shamim Ullah , Dr Sumaira Majeed


This study explored the perception regarding academic optimism and relationship among its sub scales. The study was conducted on ESTs of Lahore. From 216 Government elementary schools, 1266 secondary school teachers were chosen using a random sample technique. Academic Optimism Scale for Teachers was adapted with the permission. Validity and reliability of the instrument was confirmed. Data were collected in regularly scheduled meetings. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The study could be useful from a theoretical, managerial, and academic standpoint. Teachers found to be academically optimistic both at teachers and school level. Positive relationship among the sub scales of academic optimism was revealed. Academic optimism and its subscales showed substantial variation based on demographic characteristics.

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