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The capacity to converse in two different languages is known as bilingualism. Children in areas where the majority of people speak more than one language may pick it up at an earlier age (e.g., French and dialectal German in Alsace). Children may also become bilingual if they acquire languages in two separate social contexts; for instance, British children living in British India learnt an Indian language from their nurses and household servants while they were living there. Another way to learn a second language is via formal education. It is also possible to refer to bilingualism as the use of two languages in the classroom, particularly in order to encourage learning among students who are attempting to acquire a new language. The survey method was used to carry out the research. A questionnaire was developed in order to investigate the distinct role that bilingualism plays in the context of English as a Second Language (ESL) at the government postgraduate college, Aspire College, superior college, NICAAS College, and ILM College. A total of one hundred fifty and fifty male college students from the government post graduate college, Aspire College, superior college, NICAAS College, and ILM College participated in the research study. The sample size for each responder group was determined to be an average of 40 male students. In addition, fifty instructors were chosen at random from each institution, and their responses have also been collated. There is a survey that asks respondents about the ways in which they acquire English via various channels, such as reading, writing, and speaking, and how they do it in a wide variety of settings. Throughout the course of the research, it was discovered that learning English as a second language was advantageous in a variety of settings, including when individuals read, write, listen to, and speak the language. When students used reading, writing, listening, and speaking skills in a particular context, they were able to achieve greater levels of success. The findings of the research also revealed that exposure to reading, writing, listening, and speaking had the same impact on both men and women.