The Symbolic Identity Of Hindu Religiosity And Environment

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Mrs. Ipsita Chakraborty, Dr. P. Ganesan, Dr. Debaprashad Chatterjee


Mythology is a part of every religion. Mythology is nothing but concretized philosophy. Mythology is a science of myths or fables or legends founded on remote events, made in early period of a people existence. The abstract teachings and highly subtle ideas are made highly interesting and impressive to the masses through the garb of stories, parables, legends, allegories and narratives. Every religion has three sections- philosophy, mythology and ritual. Philosophy is the essence of religion; it sets the basic principles or fundamental doctrines. Mythology illustrates philosophy by means of the legendary lives of great men or supernatural being. Ritual is a concrete from of philosophy so that everyone can understand it; ritual consists of forms, ceremonies. In Puranas of Hindu mythology the cosmogenic myths are interesting. Portion of Hindu mythology is presented to the public in the form of dramas during days of Hindu festivals. Minds of the Hindu people are saturated with sublime ideas are lifted to great spiritual heights. The lives of Sri Rama, Sri Krishna, Bhisma, Nala, Harishchandra, Lakshmana, Bharata, Hanuman, Yuddhishthira, Arjuna, Sita etc. are sources of spiritual inspiration for moulding our life, conduct and behaviour. Hindu mythology has advantages and disadvantages both; it stands on the minds of subtle and abstract teachings of the Vedas through stories and illuminating discourses and paves the way for men to lead a divine life and attaining perfection, freedom and immorality. Symbols are beneficial when viewed from the right angle of vision. It plays an important role in our material and spiritual life. Symbols are scientific and effective. In Hinduism the association of mantra with God makes it sacred and spiritual; by chanting it makes a man spiritually illumined. The word ‘mantra’ means “something by reflecting on which a person is saved from danger or bondage of the world”.

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