Relationship Between Covid-19 Risk Category and Community Knowledge About Covid-19 Transmission Levels with Preventive Behavior of Covid-19 Transmission

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Prima Soultoni Akbar, Reny Nugraheni, Artha Budi Susila Duarsa, Santy Irene Putri, Asruria Sani Fajriah, Aris Widiyanto, Joko Tri Atmojo


Background: The high rate of COVID-19 transmission in Indonesia has had a tremendous impact on various sectors of people's lives. The government has established a group of COVID-19 risk criteria in the regions based on color zoning which is assessed based on the level of transmission. Changes in community behavior become very crucial to reduce the spread of the virus. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between COVID-19 risk categories and public knowledge about the level of COVID-19 transmission with preventive behavior. This was an analytical study with a cross-sectional design, which conducted in East Java, Indonesia, May-July 2021. A sample of 384 people was selected using stratified random sampling. COVID-19 transmission preventive behavior is influenced by COVID-19 risk categories (b = -0.70, 95% CI = -1.15 to -0.25, p = 0.002) and public knowledge (b = 1.06, 95% CI = 0.33 to 1.79, p = 0.005). The COVID-19 risk categories and public knowledge about the COVID-19 transmission have a significant relationship with the COVID-19 transmission preventive behavior.

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